Mysore Vasudevachar(1865-1961) is perhaps the most important carntic composer of the 20th century. Vasudevachar was born in Mysore on 28th May, 1965. He was trained in Sanskrit by his maternal grand father after the early demise of his father.
His intial musical training was from Veena Padmanabhayya of Mysore, but his musical lineage can be traced to Saint Tyagaraja through Manambuchavadi Venkatasubbayyar and Patnam Subramania Iyer. As a teenager, his fame reached the Maharaja of Mysore, who had him sent to Tiruvayyar to learn music under Patnam Subramanya Iyer. He learned music there and then returned to Mysore and was appointed astaana vidwan athe royal court. Towards the end of his life, he was invited by Rukmini Arundale to teach at Kalakshetra and came to Madras. Eventually he became the principal of the school of arts. His contemporaries at Kalakshetra included Tiger Varadachariar, Veena Krishnamachariar and Mazhavaraya-nendal Subbarama Bhagavatar.
He has more than 200 compositionsand published 150 himself, and now 140 are included in a set a set of 21 cassettes. His compositions include pada varnams, taana varnams, kritis, javalis, tillanas and ragamalikas, and he composed in both chaste Telugu and Sanskrit. He used common ragas and popularized ragas like abheri, behaag, and khamas (using kaakali Ni unlike Tyagaraja) with his famous compositions, but he also used unusual ragas like megharanjani, sunaadavinodini, pushpalatika, and sudda saalavi. His compositions were set in various talas. He is well known for the citta swaras he composed for his kritis. Mr.Ashok Madhav relates:
Around 1930’s, Maharajapuram Vishwanatha Iyer rendered Vasudevacharya’s kriti- ‘Brochevarevarura’ in Khamas with much polish in his concert. Vasudevacharya, who happened to be at the concert remarked to Vishwanatha Iyer “My composition like a simple girl was metamorphosed into a beautiful damsel. That is how well you beautified the composition with your embellishments”. After a long and fruitful life he breathed his last in 17th May, 1961 at the age of 96.
Genre Carnatic: Krithi, Varna
Languages used: Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada
- Abhimanamutho – Shanmukhapriya – Triputa
- Bala gopalam – Bhairavi – Adi
- Bhaja manasa – Mandari – Misra Chapu
- Bhaja manasa Saraswati – Sankarabharanam – Adi
- Bhajana Seyarada – Dharmavathi – Rupaka
- Bhajare re manasa – Abheri – Adi
- Bhavayacham – Hindusthani Behag – Adi
- Bhavayachyutham – Purvikalyani – Adi
- Brocheva re varura – Khamas – Adi
- Brovarada Sri – Varunapriya – Adi
- Chintayesham – Mayamalavagaula – Rupaka
- Dayaleka brathiki – Sriranjini – Adi
- Dayalelemi Rama – Simhendramadhyamam – Adi