A Swara Pallavi (also known as Jathi Swaram) is a kind of composition which has only the Dhatu part (swara) with no sahitya.
They are learnt after learning geethas and before varnams.
These are scholarly compositions and their Dhatu has the Raga bhavam.
Usually Swara Pallavis are set to Madyama kalam (medium tempo) and set to Adi and Chapu talas.
Swara Pallavis can have 2 or 3 parts in the following manner:
Pallavi – AnuPallavi – Charanams
Pallavi – Charanams
In some charanams, mrudanga Jathis can be heard, hence the name Jathi swarams.
Swara Pallavis usually have 4 to 8 charanams.
Compositional structure of a Swara Pallavi is same as that of a Swara Jathi. The only difference is Swara Jathihas the Mathu (sahityam) part too, whereas Swara Pallavi lacks the sahitya part.
The piece in Bilahari raga SrGPDSND is a splendid example of this type of composition.
The sahitya ‘Rara Venu gopabala’ is a sahitya tacked later on to the piece.
Swarajatis and Jatiswaras may be composed in Chauka kala (slow tempo) or in Madhyama kala (medium tempo).
Jati swara compositions are moulded on the patterns of jati passages / patterns.
In some Jati swaras, the mukthayi swaras consist of half-avarta jatis.
Ragamalika jatiswaras also exist.
Jatiswaram is a derivative name since phrases of jatis are strung into musical sequence.
The jati swaram is of interest from the rhythmical point of view.
Prominent composers of Jati swarams are:
Ganakrama (Order of Singing):
First, the Pallavi is sung, then the Charanams are sung and at the end of each Charanam, the Pallavi is sung. They are sung thus:
Charanam 1 – Pallavi
Charanam 2 – Pallavi etc.
1st May, 2019
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Because this will be helpful for so many people who are going to give their exam in "English" medium. Thank you for your valuable information shared.
10th June 2019
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Vinaya Karthik Rao
29th August, 2019
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25th Nov, 2019
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17th Jan 2020
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Thanking you, Sai Santoshi
31st Jan 2020
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Dr. Bharati Rao
14th March, 2020
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Visiting Faculty, Executive MBA Programme, Alliance University, Bangalore
12th April 2020
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22nd April 2020
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20th Dec 2020
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25th Nov 2020
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18th Sep 2020
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19th Feb 2021
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23rd March 2021
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30th May 2020
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26th Dec 2020
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10th Oct, 2018
24th March 2021
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18th August 2021
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8th September, 2021
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