Mayamalavagowla

15th Melakarta, 3rd Chakram (Agni Chakram)

Actual Name: “Malavagowla”. ‘Maya’ has been added in accordance with 72nd Melakarta Scheme, so as to obtain the number 15 by the application of ‘Katapayadi Sutram’.

Arohana: sr1g3m1pd1n3S

Avarohana: Sn3d1pm1g3r1s

Swarasthanas: Shadjam, Suddha Rishabham, Antara Gandharam, Suddha Madhyamam, Panchamam, Suddha Daivatam, Kakali Nishadam.

Jiva Swaram: g, n

Amsa Swaram: g, p

Nyasa Swaram: g, d, n

Pitch: From Mandra ‘p’ to Tara ‘p’

Salient Features:

  • Very old raga, has many Janya ragas. One of the old ragas as mentioned in ‘Sangeeta Ratnakara’.
  • This is the raga in which all the students of Carnatic music are taught the preliminary swara excercises.
  • Kritis start start in s, g, m, d, n, s
  • Tristhayi raga
  • This ragais able to evoke a soft and soothing feeling.
  • This mela corresponds to Bhairav Thaat of Hindusthani Music.
  • Swarasthanas with dual names are absent here.
  • There is only a semitonal difference … between the two notes of each of the four pairs (i) s, r (ii) g, m (iii) p, d ; (iv) n, S
  • This raga admits of Janta swaras, and datu swara prayogas in quick time and slow times.
  • Achala swaras and Kampita swaras figure herein.

Sancharam:

Mayamalavagowla_S

Some Prominent Composition are:

Laksana Gita    Ravikoti teja                        Matya

Kriti                     Meru Samana                     Madhyadi                            Tyagaraja Swamy

Kriti                     Tulasi Dalamulache           Rupaka                               Tyagaraja Swamy

Kriti                     Vidulaku Mrokkeda           Adi                                       Tyagaraja Swamy

Kriti                     Mayateeta Swaroopini      Rupaka                                Ponnayya

Kriti                     Devadi Deva                         Rupaka                            Mysore Sadasiva Rao